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Which Countries Legalize Euthanasia

12 grudnia 2022 0

Assisted suicide, in which a person is given the means to end his or her life, has been legal in Switzerland since 1942, but active euthanasia is not allowed. A report by the parliamentary committee investigating the issue in light of the Supreme Court of Canada decision recommended that anyone suffering from „unbearable suffering” be given the opportunity to seek medical assistance in dying. On April 14, 2016, Canada`s federal Liberal government introduced legislation to legalize euthanasia under more restrictive conditions than those recommended by the committee, allowing only those with terminal illnesses for whom death is „reasonably foreseeable.” [29] The British Columbia Civil Liberties Association submits that the government`s euthanasia law is unconstitutional because it limits access only to those whose death is „reasonably foreseeable,” rather than granting access to anyone with a „grievous and irreparable illness,” the definition used by the Supreme Court of Canada in its court decision that the BCCLA holds that: This would include non-terminal conditions. [30] Keywords: euthanasia; End of life; medical assistance in dying; Euthanasia; Medical assistance in dying in March. 18, 2021, The Spanish Parliament has legalized euthanasia and medically assisted suicide for adult Spanish citizens and legal residents suffering from a „serious or incurable illness” or a „chronic or incapable” illness that causes „unbearable suffering”. The person must be „fully conscious and aware” when making two written requests 15 days apart. The law came into force on June 24, 2021. In Switzerland, lethal medicines can be prescribed to a Swiss or a foreigner, with the recipient playing an active role in the administration of the medicine. [105] More generally, article 115 of the Swiss Penal Code, which entered into force in 1942 (after being drafted in 1918), punishes assisted suicide as a criminal offense only if the motive is selfish. French President Emmanuel Macron has announced a national debate on the legalization of euthanasia and euthanasia.

„My body is failing, but my mind and soul are happy. I want the last moment of my life to remain so, in freedom, with peace, tranquility and autonomy. I want to be remembered that way,” Estrada said in an interview shortly after the decision to approve her euthanasia process. On February 20, 2008, the country`s parliament passed a law legalizing euthanasia at first reading with 30 votes out of 59. On 19 March 2009, the bill was adopted at second reading, making Luxembourg the third country in the European Union to decriminalize euthanasia, after the Netherlands and Belgium. Patients with incurable diseases have the option of euthanasia after obtaining approval from two doctors and a panel of experts. [71] [1] The 252 jurisdictions include 195 countries, 50 US states, the District of Columbia and 6 Australian states. [2] Death with Dignity National Center, „Take Action”,, abgerufen am 04.06.20; Government of the Netherlands, „Euthanasia, assisted suicide and non-resuscitation on request”,, abgerufen am 04.06.20; „Euthanasia- und Sterbehilferaten steigen rasant.

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